Wednesday, September 28, 2011

Risk and Different Categories of Risk

What is Risk?

Risk is future unreliable events with a likelihood of occurrence and a potential for loss”
Risk identification and management are the main concerns in every software project. Effective analysis of software risks will help to effective planning and assignments of work.
Risks are identified, classified and managed before actual execution of program. These risks are classified in different categories.

Categories of risks:

Schedule Risk:

Project schedule get slip when project tasks and schedule release risks are not addressed properly.
Schedule risks mainly affect on project and finally on company economy and may lead to project failure.
Schedules often slip due to following reasons:
  • Wrong time estimation 
  •   Resources are not tracked properly. All resources like staff, systems, skills of individuals etc.
  •  Failure to identify complex functionalities and time required to develop those functionalities.
  •  Unexpected project scope expansions.

Budget Risk:

Budget Risk occur due to improper planning of Money
  •  Wrong budget estimation is the Main one in Budget Risk.
  • Cost overruns
  •   Project scope expansion

Operational Risks:

Risks of loss due to improper process implementation, failed system or some external events risks.
Causes of Operational risks:
  •   Failure to address priority conflicts
  •   Failure to resolve the responsibilities
  •  Insufficient resources
  •   No proper subject training
  •   No resource planning
  •  No communication in team.

Technical risks:

Technical risks generally lead to failure of functionality and performance.
Causes of technical risks are:
  •  Continuous changing requirements
  • No advanced technology available or the existing technology is in initial stages.
  •  Product is complex to implement.
  •  Difficult project modules integration.

Programmatic Risks:

These are the external risks beyond the operational limits. These are all uncertain risks are outside the control of the program.
These external events can be:

  •   Running out of fund.
  •  Market development
  •   Changing customer product strategy and priority
  •   Government rule changes.

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